Salman Rushdie (1947-) is a British-Indian writer. His novels include Midnight's Children and The Satanic Verses, the publication of which earned him great notoriety. Muslim Extremists objected to the novel's apparent blasphemy, particularly in a dream sequence which retells the story of Mohammed's life, and in a later dream sequence which portrays a fanatical religious leader called the 'imam' which many took as a criticism of the Iranian Ayatollah Khomeini.
As a result of these perceived insults, Ayatollah Khomeini issued a fatwa, or religious opinion, in 1989, which called for Rushdie's death. Rushdie was forced into hiding, and the book caused a diplomatic crisis between the United Kingdom and Iran.