Page 167. " Astaire and Ginger Rogers "

Fred Astaire, born Frederick Austerlitz (1899-1987), was a dancer, singer and actor. He was born in Omaha, Nebraska, and later the family moved to New York City. Both Fred and his sister Adele began using the stage name 'Astaire' for the various dance routines they performed together.

In 1916 Astaire met the American composer George Gershwin, a meeting that led to their successful careers on Broadway. Astaire's sister Adele married in 1932, and he then partnered numerous other dancers. His career spanned 76 years, during which he made 31 musicals, 10 of them with Ginger Rogers, an american actress, dancer and singer. Rogers was to be the most popular of all Fred's dance partners. They worked together for RKO between 1933 and 1939.



Page 169. " Mr Chamberlain says "
Neville Chamberlain
Public DomainNeville Chamberlain - Credit: unknown

Neville Chamberlain (1869-1940) was a British Conservative politician who served as Prime Minister from 1937 to 1940.

He notoriously adopted a policy of appeasement towards Nazi Germany, epitomised by his signing of the Munich Agreement in 1938. He believed the agreement would maintain peace between Britain and Germany, but when Poland was invaded the following year the British Government (still under his Prime Ministership) decided that there was no option but to declare war on Germany.

Chamberlain died of bowel cancer in November 1940 after having resigned from the post of Prime Minister (due to his health problems) in September.



Page 175. " the autumn equinox "

An equinox occurs twice a year, when the centre of the sun is in the same plane as the earth's equator, so that the earth's axis is neither tilted toward or away from the sun.

The Spring equinox is in March, usually 20th-21st, and the Autumn equinox in September, usually 22nd-23rd.

In England, the Autumn equinox marks the Harvest Festival, when Britons give thanks for plentiful harvests of crops. The event has its roots in Paganism, an ancient celtic religion which held that spirits existed in natural objects such as trees and rocks.