The Blitz was the sustained bombing of Britain by German air forces between 7th September 1940 and 10th May 1941.
Although the Blitz hit many towns and cities across the country, it focused on London, where over 57 consecutive nights half of the 43,000 civilian losses occurred. More than a million houses in London were destroyed or damaged.
The bombing of London was the first of three phases of the Blitz. During this phase, raids took place day and night. In the second phase, attacks were targeted on other industrial and port cities in Britain; the third phase concentrated on British seaports.