Page 481. " an old wind-up gramophone "

Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeGramophone - Credit: Jalal gerald Aro
The Gramophone, also known as the Phonograph or Record Player, was the most common device used in Britain between the late 1870s and the 1980s for playing audio recordings. Gramophone was the British term for Phonograph. Older models were powered by winding a handle and were known as 'wind-up gramophones'.


Page 485. " New World Symphony "

The "New World Symphony" is Symphony No.9 in E Minor ('From the New World') by Antonín Dvořák.  The Czech composer was inspired by a visit to the United States in 1893.

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The symphony was to become Dvořák's most popular work. In Britain it is particularly associated with the 1973 Hovis bread advertisement, the most popular British ad of all time.



Page 491. " the temporary Nissen huts "

Nissen Hut
Creative Commons AttributionNissen Hut - Credit: Ian Sutton

A Nissen hut was a prefabricated corrugated steel structure used extensively as temporary accommodation for soldiers and airmen during WWII.

The hut was designed and patented in 1916 by Major Peter Norman Nissen.

Page 492. " flotsam from the sands "
Timber from a Sunken Ship on Brighton Beach
Creative Commons AttributionTimber from a Sunken Ship on Brighton Beach - Credit: Dominic Alves

Flotsam is floating wreckage, or 'debris from the ocean'. The word is associated with jetsam, but the two words have distinct meanings in maritime law. Jetsam is floating cargo or goods deliberately thrown into the sea from ships. Flotsam is floating materials from a shipwreck.

Flotsam and jetsam that had washed ashore were often salvaged by beachcombers. The rugged Cornish coast, famous for its shipwrecks, offered many surprises for the careful seeker.