bodegas
Spanish term for a winery. The bodegas of Jerez are famous for their sherry production.
bordj
Arabic for "tower" but used to refer to a type of desert outpost or stopping place.
burlap
Otherwise known as hessian, a coarse material made from vegetable fibres and often used for making sacks.
burnous
A long hooded cloak of coarse woollen fabric, usually white in color, worn by Berbers and the Arabs throughout North Africa.
caid
official
Casbah
The walled citadel or traditional quarter common to many North African cities and towns.
Chechia
A brimless cap with a tassel and straight sides worn by Arab men
fathma
Literally translated means "Daughter of the Prophet" in Arabic but here is used as a generic term for woman.
fez
Chechia is another word for a fez: a cylindrical red felt hat with a tassel worn by Arab men throughout north Africa.
fondouk
A dwelling where animals sleep downstairs and humans upstairs.
hammada
A desert plateau of hard, wind-swept bedrock covered with a thin layer of sand and pebbles
muezzin
The official at the mosque who proclaims from the minaret the call to prayer.
oued
Arabic for river
sebkha
A smooth, flat, plain usually high in salt. A common feature of North Africa.
seguia
irrigation canal
Targui
Targui is the singular for Tuareg. The Tuareg are Berber nomadic pastoralists inhabiting the Saharan interior of North Africa.
zaouia
An Islamic religious school or monastery and the principal source of education.