"both despised the hypocrisies of the Austrian social system and its so-called Dienstadeln"

     Dienstadeln-"service-nobility". In 1782 Emperor Joseph II decreed that Jewish bankers and, later, entrepreneurs and industrialists, could be ennobled for their services and loyalty. Jews who were elevated into the aristocracy were allowed to keep their religion. Although the elevation into the aristocracy meant a rise in social status, Jews were still, at best, only tolerated in Austrian society. It was because of this that many, such as the Wittgensteins, converted to Christianity to gain acceptance.