by Kempf-Hartenkampf, 1898
Historisches Museum der Stadt Wien
Otto Wagner ( 1841-1918) was born in Vienna's 14th District. He was an architect and an urban planner whose Jugenstil designs were still primarily set out to be utilitarian. His complete design for Vienna's public transit system included elevated and underground portions of railway, bridges, stations, even the covering over of part of the Vienna River which had flowed through the the city just beyond the city walls. He held the post of Professor of Architecture at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna. Although not a founding member, he joined the Vienna Secession, leaving in 1905 with Gustav Klimt and others to form a group more in line with their artistic aims.