Page 126. " The series is called 'Vienna Woods in the Autumn' "
Vienna Woods by Adolf Bohm, 1899
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeVienna Woods by Adolf Böhm, 1899
Otto Rapp, 2008

     Adolf Böhm's Vienna Woods windows were first displayed at the Secession's Fifth Exhibition in 1899.

Page 126. " His Van Dyke beard was more salt than pepper "
Otto Wagner by Kempf-Hartenkampf, 1898
Public DomainOtto Wagner
by Kempf-Hartenkampf, 1898
Historisches Museum der Stadt Wien

     Otto Wagner ( 1841-1918) was born in Vienna's 14th District. He was an architect and an urban planner whose Jugenstil designs were still primarily set out to be utilitarian. His complete design for Vienna's public transit system included elevated and underground portions of railway, bridges, stations, even the covering over of part of the Vienna River which had flowed through the the city just beyond the city walls. He held the post of Professor of Architecture at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna. Although not a founding member, he joined the Vienna Secession, leaving in 1905 with Gustav Klimt and others to form a group more in line with their artistic aims.


Page 128. " A competition . . . for the church and sanitarium on Steinhof "
Plan for Steinhofkirche
Public DomainPlan for Steinhofkirche Historisches Museum der Stadt Wien
Church at Steinhof Sanitarium
Permission Granted by Copyright Owner for Use on Book DrumChurch at Steinhof Sanitarium
Tom Ovens

     Steinhof Sanitarium, in 1900, was the largest mental hospital in Europe. The proposed church was for the use of patients and staff. Otto Wagner's design was accepted and and the building was completed in 1907. The stained glass windows and mosaics are by Koloman Moser, the angels are the work of Othmar Shimkowitz, and the statuary fronting the dome, representing St. Leopold and St. Severin, the patron saints of Lower Austria, are by Richard Luksch.



Chapel in the Church at Steinhof Sanitarium
Permission Granted by Copyright Owner for Use on Book DrumChapel in the Church at Steinhof Sanitarium
Tom Ovens
Angel at Steinhof Sanatarium
Permission Granted by Copyright Owner for Use on Book DrumAngel at Steinhof Sanatarium
Tom Ovens
Page 130. " The son is a puppy looking for love "
the Wagner Family Tomb
Permission Granted by Copyright Owner for Use on Book Drumthe Wagner Family Tomb
Tom Ovens

     As the years progressed, Otto Wagner found his son to be less than he had hoped. Although Otto Emmerich became an established architect, he was not seen so by his father, who wrote in 1919: "I have never seen any body with so little artistic flair and with so little taste. This worries me greatly, for what are all my buildings going to look like if it is left to him to complete them?" Otto Emmerich died in 1945. He was buried in the family vault, which he himself had designed, in the Hietzing cemetary in Vienna.

Page 131. " Today's guest speaker . . . was Camillo Sitte "
Camillo Sitte
Public DomainCamillo Sitte

     Art historian and architect, Camillo Sitte (1843-1903) received much attention in 1889 with the publication of his book City Planning According to Artistic Principles. The richly illustrated book emphasized the creation of an irregular urban structure with spacious plazas enhanced by monuments and other aesthetic elements.

Page 132. " Not for him the Hausmann-like boulevards of Paris "

     Georges-Eugene Hausmann was chosen by Emperor Napolean III in 1853 to modernize Paris. Hausmann designed the massive, straight boulevards that Paris is known for; partly to aid in commerce, partly as a defensive measure against barricade-building revolutionists.

Page 135. " The conductor, Hans Richter . . . mentioned you "

Hans Richter
Public DomainHans Richter

     Hans Richter (1843-1916) was a thorough and accomplished conducter who spent most of his career in England. Highly esteemed, he was chosen by Richard Wagner himself to conduct the first complete performance of Der Ring des Niebelungen in Bayreuth.

Page 135. " our esteemed Court Opera Director, Herr Mahler "
Gustav Mahler
Public DomainGustav Mahler
Moritz Nähr

     Gustav Mahler (1860-1911), one of Vienna's musical giants, was made conductor of the Vienna Court Opera in 1897. His tenure there was a stormy one. He was ackowledged as a genius in his presentation of opera, particularly in the works of Richard Wagner, Mozart, and Beethoven. He completed nine symphonies and shorter pieces that are considered some of the most important works of his day. His conversion to Catholicism notwithstanding, he was subjected to anti-Semitic attacks in the press and in Viennese society. Finally, due to the pressures of work and the attacks, he left the Court Opera in 1907. He left Vienna to conduct the New York Metropolitan Opera and later the New York Philharmonic. He died in 1911 from complications due to a defective heart valve.

Page 136. " he had been commissioned to build an artist's colony "
Josef Maria Olbrich, 1908
Public DomainJosef Maria Olbrich, 1908 Museum Künstlerkolonie Mathildenhöhe, Darmstadt
Mathildehohe Colony
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeMathildenhöhe Colony
Ulrich Mathias

     Josef Maria Olbrich (1867-1908) was one of the founding members of the Vienna Secession. He had previously worked for Otto Wagner during the construction of the public transport system. It was he who designed the Secession building where the group held its exhibitions.The artist's colony was located in Darmstadt, Germany. Ernest Ludwig, the Grand Duke of Hesse-Darmstadt gathered together art noveau artists to design a town that would incorporate art nouveau elements. It was his intent that such a colony would be modern, yet productive, thus bringing an economic boost to his lands. 

Page 137. " Schöffel. . . banded together . . . to expose those knaves "
Josef Schoffel
Public DomainJosef Schöffel
Schoffel caricature
Public DomainJosef Schöffel caricature

     Looking for new income after the disastrous and costly wars against the Italians in 1859 and the Prussians in 1866, the Ministry of Finance planned, along with raising taxes, on selling large tracts of the Vienna Woods.  Josef Schöffel (1832-1910) started a campaign in 1870 against the proposed sale. When bribes failed, the timber interests went so far as to plan a “hunting accident” for Schöffel, which was thwarted when he was warned of it. He continued his campaign and finally the government withdrew the planned sale at the end of 1872. The Preservation Act of 1873 did just that and the Vienna Woods today comprise a green belt of 1350 square kilometers. At right, a contemporary image of the “Savior of the Vienna Woods.”

Page 143. " The buildings were located on the Magdalenastrasse on the River Wien "

  Wagner’s Majolikahaus and adjoining Medallionhaus. Still private apartments, they overlook Vienna's outdoor market, the Naschmarkt, which sits atop the now underground portion of the Vienna River, covered by Wagner in his construction of the Stadtbahn system.

Permission Granted by Copyright Owner for Use on Book DrumMedallionhaus
Tom Ovens
Wagner apartments
Permission Granted by Copyright Owner for Use on Book DrumWagner apartments
Tom Ovens
Permission Granted by Copyright Owner for Use on Book DrumMajolikahaus
Tom Ovens
Page 143. " the city had thronged to Remington's Wild West Show "

Buffalo Bill in Vienna, 1906
Public DomainBuffalo Bill in Vienna, 1906
     "Remington's Wild West Show" is a fiction, based upon Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show which did play Vienna in 1890 and again in 1906. The photograph shows sharpshooting Bill Cody in Vienna, 1906.

Page 147. " You mean like Pinkerton's? "

     The Pinkerton National Detective Agency was a private U.S. security guard and detective agency established by Allan Pinkerton in 1850. During the labor unrest of the late 19th and early 20th century, the Pinkerton Agency was hired to provide agents to infiltrate unions, to supply guards to keep strikers and suspected unionists out of factories, and sometimes to recruit goon squads to intimidate workers. The company still operates as Pinkerton Consulting and Investigations.

Page 149. " you have the Venice in Vienna park right here in the Prater "
Venice in Vienna entrance
Public DomainVenice in Vienna entrance Österreichische Nationalbibliothek
Venice in Vienna gondolas
Public DomainVenice in Vienna gondolas Österreichische Nationalbibliothek

     Venice in Vienna opened in the Prater in 1895. Oscar Maromek, a pupil of Otto Wagner, designed the attraction with replicas of Venetian buildings, navigable canals, and forty imported gondolas complete with gondoliers.

Page 150. " The foreign registration office shows Remington's entrance at Braunau am Inn "


Google Map


Braunau am Inn lies on the German border north of Salzburg. It has the dubious distinction of being the birthplace of Adolf Hitler.