"I have nothing against jews as an individual,’ I says. ‘It’s just the race."
1904 American poster of Roosevelt demanding Russian Emperor Nicholas II cease his oppression of the Jews
Public Domain1904 American poster of Roosevelt demanding Russian Emperor Nicholas II cease his oppression of the Jews - Credit: Emily Flohri

Though Jews have been part of America since colonial times, their numbers would increase dramatically during the 19th century. Rising anti-Semitism in Eastern Europe saw a number of pogroms in which Jews were slaughtered and their properties and businesses destroyed. As a result, many sought refuge abroad with roughly two million migrating to the U.S. between 1880 and 1914. The shift this caused in America’s demographic led to an increase in anti-Jewish sentiment and a series of immigration restrictions were introduced over the 1920s. 

 

This essay by Mark Twain provides a detailed, and typically rambunctious, exploration of the perception of Jews in America.