"the old Merchants’ and Farmers’ Bank when it failed"

This was the name of a genuine Oxford-based establishment which, according to John Faulkner’s (auto)biography My Brother Bill (1963), went bust in 1912 or 1913. This reference neatly demonstrates the strange dance which Faulkner makes figures from his actual and fictional worlds perform around each other. In his novels about the Sartoris family, the Colonel (see note for page 149) is the President of this bank. In real life, its closure opened the way for Faulkner’s grandfather — the son of William Clark Falkner, upon whom the Colonel is modelled — to establish his own First National Bank (see note as page 78).