"Kennedy takes it away"
by cm

John F Kennedy with Nikita Krushchev, 1961
Public DomainJohn F Kennedy with Nikita Krushchev, 1961 - Credit: U. S. Department of State
John Fitzgerald Kennedy was President of the USA from 1961 until his assassination in 1963.  During Kennedy's short presidency the space race accelerated and Yuri Gagarin of the Soviet Union became the first person to be launched into space.  Shortly after this event, Kennedy ordered a failed invasion of Cuba. The Bay of Pigs fiasco was a major embarrassment to his administration.

In October 1962, American spy planes acquired photographic evidence of a Soviet missile installation in Cuba. After Kennedy's threat to impose a naval blockade, the Soviet Union's Premier Nikita Krushchev agreed to remove the weapons, averting nuclear war between the two superpowers.  The Cuban Missile Crisis, as this event became known, shaped Kennedy's entire approach to the Soviet Union.

In June 1963, the President visited Berlin and gave his famous Ich bin ein Berliner speech calling for communism to be replaced with representative democracy and capitalism.