Page 177. " NATO Britain does not recognise our sovereignty "

NATO, The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, was formally established on 4 April 1949 as a defence against the military threat of the USSR.  In the words of its first Defence Secretary, Lord Ismay, its purpose was 'to keep the Russians out, the Americans in, and the Germans down.'  In 1954 an overture from the Soviet Union regarding membership was turned down, resulting in the formation of the Warsaw Pact on 14th May 1955.  The two alliances formed the two opposing sides during the Cold War. 

NATO versus the Warsaw Pact
GNU Free Documentation LicenseNATO versus the Warsaw Pact
Page 191. " George Smiley lives in Bywater Street "


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Page 191. " I should think I went to the Eight Bells "

The King's Head & Eight Bells
Creative Commons AttributionThe King's Head & Eight Bells - Credit: Monica Arellano-Ongpin
There was a pub in Cheyne Walk, very near Bywater Street, named the King's Head & Eight Bells.  The story is that the building originally housed two pubs dating from Tudor times, the King's Head and the Eight Bells.  They were converted into one establishment about 200 years ago. 

The building is now the Cheyne Walk Brasserie.