Often translated as “Two Years’ Vacation,” this 1888 adventure novel by Jules Verne is about a group of schoolboys between the ages of 8 and 13 who find themselves marooned on a South Pacific island for two years. Verne said he wanted to create a Robinson Crusoe-like environment in which children exercised their intelligence and courage.
The marooned boys name their refuge "Chairman Island." The illustration at left was done by Léon Benett for the first edition of Deux ans de vacances.
The boys' efforts to survive and competition for dominance were to be echoed in William Golding's novel The Lord of the Flies, published 66 years later.