Burma (official but contested name the Republic of the Union of Myanmar) is a country in Southeast Asia. The government has been under military control since 1962 when General Ne Win led a coup against the civilian government of U Nu. During the Second World War, Burma was a major front-line. At first the Japanese invaded and forced the British from Burma, but the British counterattack led to the British retaking Burma by July 1945. In 1948 the country gained independence from the UK.