"emigrated to South Africa"

South Africa is a country on the bottom tip of Africa. It is most famous for apartheid, which was a political regime that split the population according to race, and allowed caucasians more rights, in every way, than other races.

Nelson Mandela
Creative Commons AttributionNelson Mandela
It is also famous for Nelson Mandela, who was a political activist during the regime, was imprisoned because of his "crimes against the state" in protest against its laws, and was released in 1990 once the ruling party, the National Party, decided to make moves towards a democratic state. He became South Africa's first black president after the first democratic and multi-racial elections in 1994. FW de Klerk, the president before then, and Mandela received a joint Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts.