The native law and custom enforced by the Igbo in regards to marriage and land rights is thought to originate from ancestors and gods. By disobeying these gods and ancestors, a member of the Igbo risks a dangerous curse as well as physical punishment from traditional leaders.
Ivory has been used for many centuries to make fine art and other goods, from piano keys to figurines. Elephant tusks are a major source of ivory, but the collection of it (since it involves killing the elephant, and led to poaching and heavy population depletion in the past) has been banned.
Mr. Brown and Akunna talk about the Church of England. This church existed during the Roman Empire but became independent from the authority of the Pope during the reign of Henry VIII; he wanted to divorce his wife Catherine of Aragon for Anne Boleyn. With the Act of Supremacy in 1534, the King accidentally himself “the only Supreme Head in Earth of the Church of England.” He passed the Treasons Act in 1534 which declared death penalty on any subject who did not recognize the King as the head of the Church of England.
The mention of the prophets of Baal is a reference to the biblical story of Elijah found in the Bible in 1 Kings 18. The story of Elijah goes as follows: the prophet Elijah challenged 450 prophets of Baal and 400 prophets of Asherah to a contest. He asked them to prove that their God, Baal, was truly powerful. They were both to make an altar and place a bull on the alter without lighting it. The prophets of Baal were to make their sacrifice to their god and Elijah to his. The lighting of the fire was to be left to the strongest God. Baal was silent and Elijah mocked the prophets. Then he poured water on his own alter and the fire of the Lord fell and consumed the sacrifice. Elijah commanded his people to seize the prophets of Baal and they were executed.
This is a reference to the following passage from the Bible, a Western mythological text:
“In the temple courts he found men selling cattle, sheep and doves, and others sitting at tables exchanging money. So he made a whip out of cords, and drove all from the temple area, both sheep and cattle; he scattered the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables.” John 2: 14-15
The Igbo's earth goddess, or goddess of nature was called Ani. In physical form, she was called Ala. She was the goddess of fertility and morality. Ani is the highest of all of Chukwu's incarnations and is therefore a very powerful and important god. Ani Song
The role of a village crier in Igbo society is almost always held by a man- typicaly someone who is forty or more years of age. The village crier has the respect and trust of everyone in the village. He is expected to be ready to quickly deliver a message from the village leaders to the rest of the people. A village crier uses a gong, drum, or other instrument to deliver certain messages. However, he must also have a loud voice in order to spread more specific news to every corner of the village.
Africans' war dresses are quite different from that of the Europeans' during this time period. Notice how their attire did not give them very much protection, unlike the Europeans'.