"The smallest of his oxen stood at just under six feet at the shoulders; the tallest, over seven and a half."

Haying at Nonesuch Farm, Maine, ca. 1900
Permission Granted by Copyright Owner for Use on Book DrumHaying at Nonesuch Farm, Maine, ca. 1900 - Credit: Maine Historical Society
Oxen are trained as draft animals; they can pull heavier loads for longer periods of time, but are slower than horses.

Most often yoked in pairs, they were – and are – commonly used to plough fields and haul heavy loads. In the 1800’s, oxen teams were popular with emigrants to the American West who used them to pull their wagons; they could exist on sparse vegetation and were more useful as farm animals.