"the Women's Cooperative Guild"
White peace poppy
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeWhite peace poppy - Credit: DaveO, Flickr
British Legion red poppy
Public DomainBritish Legion red poppy - Credit: Philip Stevens, Wikimedia Commons

The Co-operative Women's Guild, which is still in existence today, was founded in 1883.

Its aim was to educate women in the principles and practice of co-operative methods that could improve their situation in society.

They campaigned successfully to ensure that maternity rights were part of the 1911 National Insurance Act, and following World War I were very involved in peace activism; for example, they were instrumental in creating the concept of the white poppy to symbolise pacifism, as an alternative to the British Legion's red poppy.