"I scarcely knew the difference between a Tory and a Liberal"
Between 1680 and the 1850s, there were two political parties in the British parliament: the Whigs and the Tories.

In the 1850s, Tory and Radical factions supporting free trade united with the Whigs to form the Liberal Party.

The Labour Party began life as the Labour Representation Committee in 1900. It changed its name to the Labour Party after winning 29 seats in the 1906 General Election.