Page 279. " He's an Anglo-Catholic "

'Our Lady of Walsingham' at the Slipper Chapel, Walsingham, Norfolk
Creative Commons Attribution'Our Lady of Walsingham' at the Slipper Chapel, Walsingham, Norfolk - Credit: Thorvaldsson, Wikimedia Commons
 Anglo-Catholicism is the branch of the Anglican Church which is closest in practice and belief to the Roman Catholic Church; for example, most Anglo-Catholics  pay devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary, particularly under the title Our Lady of Walsingham.

It is sometimes described as High Church.

Anglo-Catholicism was promoted from the 1830s onwards by a group known as the Oxford Movement or Tractarians, whose leaders included John Keble, John Henry Newman and Edward Bouverie Pusey; Newman eventually converted to Catholicism.

Traditionally, Anglo-Catholicism has been seen as attractive to, and sympathetic to, gay priests.

Readers of Brideshead Revisited may recall Cousin Jasper's warning to Charles Ryder:

Beware of the Anglo-Catholics - they're all sodomites with unpleasant accents.

Page 279. " This is his final Season "
The Season was the name given, from the 17th Century onwards, to a series of events held by the British social elite, mainly between Easter and late Summer.

Traditionally, the Season ended on August 12th, the start of the grouse-shooting season.

During the Season, rural aristocratic families took up residence in London in order to introduce sons and daughters of marriageable age into society.

Important events of the Season included Royal Ascot, the Cowes Regatta and The Boat Race.

Page 279. " before taking Holy Orders "
The taking of Holy Orders at Fontgombault Abbey, France
Public DomainThe taking of Holy Orders at Fontgombault Abbey, France - Credit: Smith2006, Wikimedia Commons
Holy Orders are the various ranks (such as bishop, priest and deacon) held by those ordained in the Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and Anglican Churches.

It is also the name given to the sacrament or the rite of ordination.

One may, therefore, be in Holy Orders or one may take Holy Orders.

Page 280. " She was involved in the producing of a magazine for the Suffrage, named Shafts "
Early 20th Century British women's suffrage lapel pin
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeEarly 20th Century British women's suffrage lapel pin - Credit: Nancy, Wikimedia Commons
Suffrage is the right to vote, or the exercise of that right.

The British women's suffrage movement, which campaigned to obtain the vote for women, began in 1867 with the formation of the National Society for Women's Suffrage.

In 1897, the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS) was formed; its members were known as suffragists.

In 1903, a splinter group of NUWSS formed a more militant organisation known as the Women's Social and Political Union; its members were known as suffragettes.

Shafts, with its modern-day sexual connotation, sounds an unlikely name for a suffrage magazine, but it did actually exist. Other 19th Century feminist periodicals included the Women's Herald, Englishwoman's Review and Time and Tide.

Page 280. " I would settle on the cartoons in Punch "
'Melbourne Punch' cartoon
Public Domain'Melbourne Punch' cartoon - Credit: Melbourne Punch
Punch was a British satirical weekly magazine famous for its witty cartoons.

It was published between 1841 and 1992, and between 1996 and 2002.

An Australian version of Punch, very similar to its British counterpart, was published between 1855 and 1925; it was known as Melbourne Punch.

The caption to the women's suffrage cartoon (left) which appeared in Melbourne Punch in 1887 read:

"Some foolish people imagine our ladies will neglect their family duties. Quite a mistake."

3 a.m. That dear good old creature, Mr. Speaker, is kind enough to take the blessed infant while the Hon. Member addresses the house.

Page 281. " I might be Perseus, with a curved sword "
Perseus by Antonio Canova
Creative Commons AttributionPerseus by Antonio Canova - Credit: Marie-Lan Nguyen, Wikimedia Commons
Perseus was the Greek mythological hero who killed the Gorgon Medusa with a sword given to him by Zeus, father of the gods.

He also saved Andromeda, daughter of Cassiopeia, from being eaten by a sea monster. 

Page 281. " and a head of the Medusa "
'The Head of Medusa' (c.1600)
Public Domain'The Head of Medusa' (c.1600) - Credit: unknown

In Greek mythology, Medusa was one of the three Gorgons: terrifying female creatures with live snakes for hair and the ability to turn anyone who looked at them to stone.

Perseus cut off her head and used it to petrify a violent and unwelcome suitor of his mother.  He then gave the head to the goddess Athena.

Page 281. " I was once St Sebastian, tied to a stump "
Saint Sebastian (1577-78)
Public DomainSaint Sebastian (1577-78) - Credit: El Greco

Saint Sebastian (died c. 288) was a Christian saint, martyred during the rule of the emperor Diocletian.

He is usually portrayed in art and literature tied to a post and pierced with arrows.

For various reasons he has come to be associated with homosexuality, and is sometimes known as 'the homosexual's saint'.

Page 281. " another night I was an Amazon "
Amazon preparing for battle
Public DomainAmazon preparing for battle - Credit: Pierre Eugene Emile Herbert

The Amazons appear in Greek mythology as a race of all-female warriors.

They are described as living in women-only communities, meeting with men only to conceive children, and killing any male children born.

Today, the term Amazon is sometimes used to describe any powerful female figure.

Page 281. " I was the French Marianne, with a Phyrgian cap and a flag "
Bust of Marian wearing a Phrygian cap
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeBust of Marian wearing a Phrygian cap - Credit: F. Lamiot, Wikimedia Commons
Marianne, who symbolises Liberty and Reason, is the national emblem of the French Republic.

She is often depicted wearing the soft cone-shaped cap known as a Phrygian cap (not Phyrgian), which became a symbol of liberty during the French Revolution; in French, it is known as a bonnet rouge.

The national flag of France, which is red, white and blue, is known as the tricolour (Fr. drapeau tricolore).


French tricolour
GNU Free Documentation LicenseFrench tricolour - Credit: ChrisO, Wikimedia Commons


Page 281. " The week after that I was Salome "
Illustration from 'Salomé'
Public DomainIllustration from 'Salomé' - Credit: Aubrey Beardsley

Salome was the daughter of Herodias and Herod Antipas. She is referred to in the Bible (although not by name) and in a text called Jewish Antiquities.

She is infamous for having caused the death of John the Baptist, whose head was delivered to Salome's mother on a platter.

Oscar Wilde wrote a one-act play, and Richard Strauss an opera, called Salomé; she has also been the subject of artwork by Gustave Moreau and Aubrey Beardsley.



Illustrated cover of 'Salomé'
Public DomainIllustrated cover of 'Salomé' - Credit: Oscar Wilde/Aubrey Beardsley


Page 281. " I was Hermaphroditus "

Hermaphroditus (Lady Lever Art Gallery)
Public DomainHermaphroditus (Lady Lever Art Gallery) - Credit: Afrodita nz, Wikimedia Commons
 Hermaphroditus or Hermaphroditos, the child of Aphrodite and Hermes, is a minor god in Greek mythology; his name is the origin of the word hermaphrodite.

According to the Roman Poet Ovid, Hermaphroditus' body merged with that of a water nymph, thus creating an individual who was both male and female.

Page 283. " Home Rule Bill, it said; Irish to Demonstrate June 3rd "
Gladstone debating Irish Home Rule, April 1886
Public DomainGladstone debating Irish Home Rule, April 1886 - Credit: Illustrated London News

The Irish Government Bill, 1893, which is also known as the Second Home Rule Bill, was an attempt by William Gladstone (the Liberal Prime Minister at the time) to secure home rule for Ireland. A previous bill on the same issue presented by Gladstone in 1886 had been defeated.

The 1893 bill was passed by the House of Commons but subsequently vetoed by the House of Lords.

Page 285. " It came from Worth's "

Charles Frederick Worth (1895)
Public DomainCharles Frederick Worth (1895) - Credit: Nadar
Charles Frederick Worth (1825-1895) was a 19th Century English fashion designer who worked in Paris from 1846 onwards; he is often described as the father of haute couture.

After some years of working in partnership, he set up his own fashion house, the House of Worth, in 1871.

Renowned for his lavish designs and his meticulous fit, he was popular with both European and American clientele; he also designed performance costumes for many actresses and singers, including Sarah Bernhardt, Lillie Langtry, Nellie Melba and Jenny Lind.

The business remained in operation as a family-run concern until the retirement of Worth's great grandson Jean-Charles in 1952.

Follow this link and this link to see designs by Worth.

Page 286. " at the door of the Royal Opera "
Royal Opera House
Creative Commons AttributionRoyal Opera House - Credit: scillystuff, Flickr

The Royal Opera House is situated in the Covent Garden area of London, and is sometimes known just as Covent Garden.

It is located on the site of the Theatre Royal, which was built in 1732 and destroyed by fire in 1808.

The present building was opened in 1858, although it has been substantially modified since that time, particularly during the 1990s. 

Page 288. " a month at the Old Mo "
New London Theatre
Public DomainNew London Theatre - Credit: Edward, Wikimedia Commons

As is noted a few lines later, the Old Mo was the Midddlesex Music Hall. 

It was situated on what is now the site of the New London Theatre, on Drury Lane and Parker Street.

Known initially as the Mogul Saloon (an extension of the Mogul tavern), the Middlesex opened in 1851; its nickname derives from the original name.

Between 1910 and 1911, it was rebuilt under the name New Middlesex Theatre of Varieties; this building was demolished in 1965, and work began on the present theatre in 1971.

For a more detailed history, see here.


Google Map


Page 289. " in the Era and the Ref "

As mentioned in bookmark, p.164, The Era was a theatrical newspaper.

The Ref is possibly the weekly sporting newspaper known as The Referee, which was established by Henry Sampson in 1877; it later became the Sunday Referee.

Page 290. " The opera was Figaro's Wedding "
Scene from 'The Marriage of Figaro' (19th Century)
Public DomainScene from 'The Marriage of Figaro' (19th Century) - Credit: anon.

The Marriage of Figaro is an opera in four acts, composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1786.

Listen on Spotify: The Marriage of Figaro (overture).



Page 292. " Belle Baxter, Cockney Chanteuse "

There is no information on the internet about a real singer called Belle Baxter.

A Cockney is a working-class Londoner, particularly one from the East End; Cockney is also the name given to the East End dialect.

Chanteuse is French for a female singer.

Page 293. " a tinkling, Chinese melody, which made a boy in the line along from me stand up, and call out, 'Ninky-poo!' "

Probably a reference to Nanki-Poo, a character in The Mikado.

This comic opera by W.S. Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan opened at the Savoy Theatre in London in 1885 and ran for 672 performances. 

(Ninky Poo is a character in the 1940 film Road to Singapore.)



Page 296. " watching as the street filled up with waiting hansoms "
Hansom cab (1904)
Public DomainHansom cab (1904) - Credit: B.L. Singley

 Hansom cabs were two-wheeled carriages pulled by one horse. They were available for hire on the streets of London in the late 19th Century.