Page 301. " to Maria's house in Hampstead "
Hampstead Heath
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeHampstead Heath - Credit: Loz Pycock, Flickr

Hampstead is an affluent area of London, situated in the London Borough of Camden.

It has traditionally been seen as the stamping ground of literary, musical, and artistic figures; intellectuals; and middle-class liberals.

One of the main attractions of the area is the large open space known as Hampstead Heath.

 

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Page 303. " That was at a house in Paddington. "

Paddington is an area of London famous for its railway station, the terminus for trains from the West Country and South Wales.

 

Painting of Paddington Station (c.1862)
Public DomainPainting of Paddington Station (c.1862) - Credit: William Powell Frith

 

 

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Page 303. " She went to a house in Dulwich "

Dulwich is an affluent district in South London. It consists of three areas: East Dulwich, West Dulwich and Dulwich Village.

 

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Page 305. " and another time at the Peckham Palace "

Peckham is an area of South London, situated in the Borough of Southwark; it forms part of the constituency of Camberwell and Peckham, which is one of the most deprived in the country.

The Peckham Palace of Varieties was on Southampton Street (fomerly Rainbow Lane; now Southampton Way); it is said to have been part of a pub known as the Rosemary Branch.

 

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Page 305. " before we opened at the Brit "

The Britannia Theatre, Hoxton, referred to in bookmark, p.146.

Page 306. " Christmas we spent at Kettner's, eating goose in a private room "
Roast goose
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeRoast goose - Credit: Jürgen Howaldt, Wikimedia Commons
Kettner's is a restaurant and champagne bar situated at 29 Romilly Street, Soho. It is within easy reach of numerous West End theatres, making it a popular venue for pre- and post- theatre dining.

Founded in 1867 by Auguste Kettner, chef to Napolean III, it has a long and colourful history; Oscar Wilde is said to have taken rent boys there, and its patrons have included King Edward VII, his mistress Lillie Langtry, Agatha Christie and Bing Crosby.

During the Victorian period, goose was the preferred choice for Christmas dinner in the south of England, whilst beef was the favourite up north; it was only towards the end of the 19th Century that turkey became popular.

Page 307. " and one, even, from Capri "

Capri is an island in the Tyrrhenian Sea, just off the southwest coast of Italy.

 

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Compton Mackenzie (1914)
Public DomainCompton Mackenzie (1914) - Credit: Alvin Langdon Coburn
In the second half of the 19th Century, it became the haunt of various literary, artistic and celebrity figures; also during this period, the tolerant attitude to homosexuality on the island meant that many gay men and women settled there.

Compton Mackenzie wrote a satirical novel about the 1920s lesbian community on Capri, entitled Extraordinary Women (1928).

 

Page 307. " and calling herself 'Dorian Gray' "
Magazine featuring 'The Picture of Dorian Gray'
Public DomainMagazine featuring 'The Picture of Dorian Gray' - Credit: Adasta, Wikimedia Commons

Dorian Gray is the young male protagonist of a novel by Oscar Wilde entitled The Picture of Dorian Gray.

Initially published in a magazine, it was first published in book form in 1891.

The novel is generally described as gothic horror fiction, with a Faustian theme.

 

The Picture of Dorian Gray on Book Drum

Page 307. " and there were six Ladies from Llangollen "

The Ladies of Llangollen was the name given to two Anglo-Irish women: Lady Eleanor Charlotte Butler (1739-1829) and the Honourable Sarah Ponsonby (1755-1832).

Brought up in the same area of Ireland, they became friends in 1768 and scandalised society by running away together in 1778.

They eventually set up home at Plas Newydd near Llangollen in north east Wales, where they became a magnet for all kinds of illustrious visitors, including William Wordsworth, Percy Bysshe Shelley, the Duke of Wellington and Josiah Wedgewood.

Plas Newydd is now a museum.

 

Plas Newydd doorway
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikePlas Newydd doorway - Credit: Andy Dingley, Wikimedia Commons

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Page 307. " 'I am Queen Anne!' "

 

Queen Anne and her consort
Public DomainQueen Anne and her consort - Credit: Charles Boit

 Queen Anne (1665-1714) ruled Britain between 1702 and 1714.

Happily married to Prince George of Denmark, she experienced extraordinary misfortune in pregnancy and childbirth: thirteen of her pregnancies ended in miscarriage or stillbirth; four of her children died before the age of two; and the only child who survived beyond infancy (her son William) died aged eleven. Consequently, Queen Anne was the last monarch of the House of Stuart.

There has been considerable speculation about Queen Anne's sexuality, mainly because of her intimate friendships with two women, Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough and Abigail Masham, Baroness Masham.

 

Sarah Churchill (date unknown)
Public DomainSarah Churchill (date unknown) - Credit: unknown
Page 308. " She turned out to be Queen Christina, of Sweden "
Queen Christina
Public DomainQueen Christina - Credit: David Beck (1621-1656)
Ebba Sparre
Public DomainEbba Sparre - Credit: Sébastien Bourdon

Queen Christina (1626-1689) ruled Sweden in her own right as queen regnant (as opposed to queen consort) betwen 1632 and 1654.

She is often described as having had an intimate relationship with her lady-in-waiting, Ebba Sparre, although it is not clear whether they were lovers.

In 1654 she abdicated in order to convert to Catholicism, and spent the latter years of her life in France and Italy. She is buried in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. 

Page 308. " Diana herself, that night, I never saw look more handsome. She came as her Greek namesake "
Artemis (Roman copy of Greek original)
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeArtemis (Roman copy of Greek original) - Credit: Marie-Lan Nguyen

In Roman mythology, Diana was goddess of the hunt as well as of the moon. Along with Minerva and Vesta, she was one of the three maiden goddesses, and a symbol of chastity.

In Greek mythology, her equivalent was Artemis, who was goddess of the hunt, wild animals, wilderness, childbirth, virginity and young girls.

 

Diana the huntress
Public DomainDiana the huntress - Credit: Bartolomeo Passerotti
Page 308. " a marble bust of the Roman page Antinous "
Bust of Antinoüs
Public DomainBust of Antinoüs - Credit: RyanFreisling, Wikimedia Commons
Antinoüs or Antinoös (c.111AD-130AD) was a beautiful young man with whom the Roman Emperor Hadrian formed a strong attachment.

When Antinoüs was drowned in the River Nile (possibly through voluntary religious sacrifice), Hadrian was distraught with grief.

Antinoüs was deified after his death, and numerous statues were erected to his memory in all parts of the Roman Empire.

Page 308. " I had a skimpy little toga that reached to my knee, with a Roman belt around it - what they called a zone. "

The toga was a bulky garment (made from up to 6 metres of fabric) worn by Roman men; Nan's costume would probably be better described as a tunic.

A tunic was a light, short sleeveless garment cinched at the waist with a belt.

The belt (known as a cingulum) was an important item of Roman men's clothing; it was often very ornate and might have various items attached to it, including weapons in the case of soldiers. A zone is an archaic word for a belt or girdle.

 

Reconstruction of a Roman centurion's cingulum
GNU Free Documentation LicenseReconstruction of a Roman centurion's cingulum - Credit: Wolgang Sauber, Wikimedia Commons
Page 309. " there was a garland of lotus flowers "

The lotus, Nelumbo nucifera (also known as the Indian lotus, the sacred lotus, or the bean of India), is an aquatic plant with fragrant flowers which is native to India and Bangladesh; it is India's national flower.

It is of sacred significance in many Eastern religions and symbolizes sexual purity and non-attachment, perfection, beauty and grace.

 

Nelumbo nucifera
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeNelumbo nucifera - Credit: T. Voekler, Wikimedia Commons
Page 309. " a peek at your pose plastique "

Dutch Tableau Vivant, c1898
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeDutch Tableau Vivant, c1898 - Credit: Tropenmuseum of the Royal Tropical Institute
Pose plastique is an alternative term for tableau vivant (Fr. living picture).

A tableau vivant is generally a group of unmoving, silent people posed in such a way as to represent an event or theme; they were particularly popular during the 19th Century. Such representations could be viewed live or photographed for wider distribution.

As censorship laws permitted some nudity on stage so long as there was no movement, female actresses were sometimes posed in this way as a form of erotic titillation. 
Page 310. " One of the Marie Antoinettes "
Marie Anoinette in prison (1793)
Public DomainMarie Anoinette in prison (1793) - Credit: Alexandre Kucharski
Marie Antoinette and her children (1785-86)
Public DomainMarie Antoinette and her children (1785-86) - Credit: Adolf Ulrich Wertmüller
Marie Antoinette (1755-1793) was the Austrian-born wife of Louis XVI of France.

Louis was deposed during the French Revolution and executed in January 1793; his wife was also tried and convicted of treason before being guillotined in October of the same year. 

Page 311. " It has been written by a man, in an attempt to explain our sort that the ordinary world will understand us "
German version of 'Psychoapthia Sexualis'
Creative Commons AttributionGerman version of 'Psychoapthia Sexualis' - Credit: Krafft-Ebing (H.-P. Haack, Wikimedia Commons)

Most probably Psychopathia Sexualis (1886) by Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing.

The book consisted of a series of case studies of human sexuality; it included discussions of sadism and masochism, two terms which were coined by Krafft-Ebing. 

With a Latin title and partly written in Latin, the book was intended for a professional audience, but it became a bestseller amongst the general public. It was translated into English in 1892.

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Page 312. " that they might pleasure themselves in the seraglio "

The seraglio (or harem) was the name given to the women's living quarters in a Turkish muslim household in which the man had several wives and concubines*.

Men were not allowed into the seraglio, which might also house female relatives and odalisques (female slaves who were assistants or apprentices to the wives and concubines).

* women who co-habit with a man without being married to him.

 

The fortune teller in the harem (pre 1908)
Public DomainThe fortune teller in the harem (pre 1908) - Credit: Alfred Chataud

 

 

Listen on Spotify to Mozart's Die Entfuhrung Aus Dem Serail (The Abduction from The Seraglio).

Page 316. " You were there, weren't you, at Hadrian's palace? "
Hadrian's Wall at Housesteads
Public DomainHadrian's Wall at Housesteads - Credit: Mlm43, Wikimedia Commons

Publius Aelius Hadriannus (73-138AD), generally known as Hadrianwas a Roman emperor and philosopher.

Hadrian's Wall, the fortification which marked the northernmost limit of the Roman Empire in Britain, was built during his reign.

Hadrian was also responsible for building the city of Antinopolis in Egypt, close to the  spot where his beloved Antinoüs (see bookmark, p.308) drowned.

 

Bust of Hadrian
Creative Commons AttributionBust of Hadrian - Credit: Sébastien Bertrand, Wikimedia Commons

 

Page 317. " to represent the hound that stood on guard at the gate of Hades "
Relief of Cerberus (Berlin Zoo)
Public DomainRelief of Cerberus (Berlin Zoo) - Credit: Sebastian Wallroth, Wikimedia Commons
In Greek mythology, Hades is the underworld.  It is also the name of the god of the underworld.

Hades is guarded by Cerberus, a multi-headed dog.