Page 33. " When he completed his examination of the wistaria vine he strolled back to me. "

wisteria vines
Public Domainwisteria vines - Credit:
Wisteria is a beautiful vine that bears large, drooping clusters of fragrant blue-purple, lavender, mauve or white flowers. It is a climber which can reach as high as 20 metres above ground, spreading out 10 metres laterally.


Page 38. " Indian-heads, he said. "

Indian-head pennies were issued in the U.S. from 1859 to 1909, making them one of the country's longest-serving coins. Some controversy surrounds the depiction of the Native American on the coin, as it is a feminine figure, meant to combine the figure of a Native American chief with that of Lady Liberty - despite the fact that no Native American woman would have worn a headdress like the one seen on the coin. The association with Lady Liberty can be seen as the word 'liberty' appears on the band of the headdress. Outside of To Kill a Mockingbird, there is no evidence of a belief that these coins were lucky.

Page 40. " he was president of the L & N Railroad "

American Railroad, 1860
Public DomainAmerican Railroad, 1860
 The Louisville and Nashville (L & N) Railroad was a highly successful freight and passenger rail service operating in the Southern United States. Chartered in 1850, it operated under that name for 132 years, building a 7000 mile network.

Page 44. " One Man's Family "

One Man's Family was a long-running radio soap opera which lasted for almost 30 years, from 1932 to 1959. Television versions of the series ran from 1949. The series divided its episodes into chapters and books; it was set in the Sea Cliff area of San Francisco.

Page 46. " Jem and I had always enjoyed the free run of Miss Maudie's yard if we kept out of her azaleas. "
Public Domainazaleas - Credit: mooseysgarden

Azaleas are flowering shrubs; they bloom in spring in damp mountainous places, but their flowers die only a few weeks later. These plants do not need as much sun as others do; they are often found living near trees and even under them.

Cities and towns in the U.S.A. have festivals celebrating the azaleas blooming in spring due to the great variety of colours they offer.

Page 46. " we could play on her lawn, eat her scuppernongs "
Public Domainscuppernongs - Credit: wikipedia

Scuppernongs are a type of grape. They are usually a greenish or bronze color, and are native to the Southern States. They taste best when eaten fresh from the vines.

Page 47. " she found a blade of nut-grass in her yard "
Public Domainnut-grass - Credit:

Nut-grass, also known as nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus), is one of the most invasive weeds in the world, being widespread in tropical and temperate regions. It has been called "the world's worst weed" as it is known as a weed in over 90 countries, and infests over 50 crops worldwide.

Its existence in a field significantly reduces crop yield, both because it is a tough competitor for ground resources, and because it is allelopathic (meaning that its roots release substances harmful to other plants).


Page 47. " the Second Battle of the Marne "
The Battle of Marne
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeThe Battle of Marne - Credit: Unknown

The First Battle of the Marne was fought between 5th and 12th September 1914, resulting in a victory for the Allies which ended a month-long German offensive.

The Second Battle of the Marne lasted from 15th July to 6th August 1918. It was the last major German Spring offensive on the Western Front during World War I. The offensive failed due to an Allied counterattack led by French forces which overwhelmed the Germans, inflicting severe casualties.


Page 48. " Do you smell my mimosa? It's like angels' breath this morning. "
Public Domainmimosa - Credit: ubcbotanicalgarden
Mimosa is a species of plant which qualifies as both herb and shrub. Mimosa are typically yellow or pink. The plant is famous for the way its leaves fold when touched or exposed to heat. The plant is native to southern Mexico, Central America and South America. It is kept as a houseplant in temperate areas, and outdoors in the tropics.