Andrew Jackson was president of the United States from 1829 to 1837. Previously he commanded American forces in the 1812 Creek War against the 'Red Stick' Creek Native Americans, running "the Creeks up the creek", as Scout puts it. The Finchs' ancestor Simon Finch moved to Alabama as a result of this war.
John Wesley was an 18th century English theologian, credited with founding the evangelical Methodist movement. He emigrated to American in 1735 with his brother Charles, and they founded a church in Savannah, Georgia.
Simon Finch was a slaveowner despite his 'teacher', John Wesley, denouncing slavery as "the sum of all villainies" in his 1774 treatise Thoughts Upon Slavery.
Maycomb County has been told this by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in his first inaugural address in 1932.
You can read his speech here.
Listen on Spotify: FDR First Inaugural Address
These are writers from the late 1800s to the early 1900s.
Oliver Optic is the pseudonym for the noted academic, author, and state legislator William Taylor Adams. He was born on 30th July 1822 in the state of Massachusetts, and died on 27th March 1897. Adams used the pseudonym Oliver Optic to publish many books for boys, including Indoors and Out (1855), Hatchie, the Guardian Slave (1853) and The Boat Club (also 1855). See here for more about Adams' works.
Victor Appleton was a house pseudonym (meaning it was used by many authors) of the company Stratemeyer Syndicate. Their most famous works are the novels of Tom Swift.
Edgar Rice Burroughs was born on 1st September 1875, and died on 19th March 1950. His best known work is Tarzan, and the Mars adventurer John Carter. Burroughs also wrote science fiction and fantasy stories involving adventurers from Earth being transported to various other planets and lost islands.
Johnson grass, also known by its scientific name Sorghum halepense, is a weed native to the Mediterranean, although it also grows in the Middle East and America. It thrives in open, disturbed land, particularly in rich, cultivated fields.
Rabbit tobacco is also known as Gaphalium obtusifolium. It is a herb that can reach a height of 1-3 feet, with leaves 1-3 inches long. Fields, pastures, and disturbed areas are the sites of this common plant, native to the eastern United States. This herb can be used medicinally; for example, smoking the leaves is good for sinusitis and head colds. As a hot tea, it is used to treat illnesses like sore throats, diarrhea, pneumonia and asthma, as well as being a mild nerve sedative and an antispasmodic. My grandmother said it was most often used in her home as a salve made of lard and ground up leaves.
Miss Caroline's isolation from her class is emphasised by her own origins. When Alabama seceded from the Union in the 1860s to create the Confederate States of America, before the Civil War, Winston County seceded from Alabama, making plain that it opposed the rest of Alabama's position in the war. To celebrate its strength during the war, it is now called The Free State of Winston.
Catawba worms are caterpillars used as fishing bait in the Southern states of America, especially for catching bream. The head is bitten off and the body skinned inside out, then attached to the fishing rod. These worms can be frozen and preserved for months.
The "crash" was the Wall Street stock market crash of October 1929 that led to The Great Depression, a severe worldwide economic depression in the decade before the Second World War.
The Great Depression had devastating effects on virtually every country and every social class. Incomes, savings, tax revenues, profits and prices dropped, and international trade plunged. Unemployment in the US rose to 25%, and in some countries as high as 33%.
Construction was virtually halted in many countries. Farming and rural areas suffered as crop prices fell by 60%. Areas dependent on primary sector industries (cash cropping, mining and logging) suffered the most.
Smilax is a plant found both in temperate zones and in the tropics. It is also called catbriers, greenbriers and prickly-ivys. The smilax is a flowering climber with thorny branches.
Like holly, smilax is commonly used in Christian countries for Christmas decorations, such as Advent wreaths.