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Alabama

 

Alabama
Creative Commons AttributionAlabama - Credit: Brandi Sims

 

Alabama
Public DomainAlabama - Credit: swisseduc.ch

Alabama lies in the south-eastern United States. A strongly Christian state, it had 4.6 million residents in 2006.

Confederate flag
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeConfederate flag - Credit: Unknown

Alabama is nicknamed "The Heart of Dixie". The Dixie states are those that wanted to secede from the Union to form the Confederate States of America during the civil war. The war was largely fought over the issue of slavery, which had been banned although the economy of the South relied upon slave labour.

Farmers settled in Alabama in the 1820s and 1830s to take advantage of its fertile soil. Planters and traders from the Upper South brought slaves with them, expanding the cotton plantations. According to the 1860 census, enslaved Africans comprised 45% of the state's population. There was also a population of poor white subsistence farmers.

 

Alabama Farm
Creative Commons AttributionAlabama Farm - Credit: Brandi Sims