"each bright Churchill of the Galaxy, and all the toasts of the Kit-cat"
Anne Churchill, Countess of Sunderland
Public DomainAnne Churchill, Countess of Sunderland - Credit: Sir Godfrey Kneller

The Kit-Cat Club was an early 18th century club, with strong political and literary associations, committed to the furtherance of the Whig objectives of Parliamentary democracy and a limited monarchy. Its first meetings were held at a tavern in Shire Lane, near Temple Bar, which was run by an innkeeper called Christopher (Kit) Catling. He gave his name to the mutton pies known as 'Kit Kats' from which the club took its name.  A famous characteristic of the Kit-Kat was its toasting-glasses, used for drinking the health of the reigning beauties of the day.  The toasting glasses were engraved with verses in their praise.

Some of those who were toasted include Lady Godolphin, Lady Sunderland, Lady Bridgewater, and Lady Monthermer, all daughters of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough.