Lucius Annaeus Seneca (4 BC – 65 AD) was a Roman Stoic philosopher, statesman, and dramatist.
In 41, the Emperor Claudius banished him to Corsica on a charge of adultery. He spent his exile in philosophical and natural study, and wrote the Consolations. In 49, he was recalled to Rome to tutor the 12 year old Nero, who went on to become Emperor on Claudius' death in 54. From 54 to 62, Seneca acted as Nero's advisor. As Nero grew older and more entrenched in his position, Seneca’s influence declined. In 62 he retired and returned to a life of study and writing. However, in 65 he was accused of being involved in a plot to kill Nero, and committed suicide on Nero's orders.