"the victory of Agincourt obtained by Harry the Fifth"

Morning of the Battle of Agincourt, 25 October 1415
Public DomainMorning of the Battle of Agincourt, 25 October 1415 - Credit: Sir John Gilbert, 1884
The Battle of Agincourt was a major English victory against a numerically superior French army in the Hundred Years’ War.  The battle took place on 25 October 1415, near modern-day Azincourt in northern France.  Henry V led his men into battle and participated in hand-to-hand fighting. The French king, Charles VI, was rather more distant from the battlefield - he suffered severe illness and moderate mental incapacitation.  The English longbow played a key part in the battle – English and Welsh archers formed a large component of Henry’s army.