"Sir Roger d'Estrance observes, in his deep reflections"

Sir Roger L'Estrange
Public DomainSir Roger L'Estrange - Credit: John Michael Wright
Sir Roger L'Estrange (1616-1704) was an English pamphleteer and author. He was a staunch Royalist, and in 1644 was sentenced to death as a spy, but managed to break out of jail and flee to Holland.  He returned to England in 1653, and was soon writing and printing Royalist pamphlets supporting a return of Charles II. His loyalty to the King saw him appointed as Surveyor of the Printing Press and Licenser of the Press, charged with preventing the publication of dissenting writings. He excelled in the tasks of searching, seizing and censoring, and became known as the “Bloodhound of the Press.”  He also continued to write Royalist pamphlets and used his sharp wit to criticise the Whigs though various platforms. 

Later in life, he moved away from overtly political work, to write and publish translations of Seneca the Younger’s Morals and Cicero’s Offices, and his Fables of Aesop and other eminent mythologists (1692) In 1702 he completed his English translation of "The works of Flavius Josephus."  He also wrote a 'Key' to Hudibras, Samuel Butler’s 17th century satire on the English Civil War.