"they were both truly Jacobites in principle"

Jacobites, 1745
Public DomainJacobites, 1745 - Credit: John Pettie
The Jacobites were dedicated to restoring the Stuart kings to the thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland.  The movement arose in response to the deposing of James II and VII, in 1688, when he was replaced by his daughter Mary II and her husband William III.  The Stuarts went into exile in Europe, and made several bids to regain the throne, with help from France and Spain. The Jacobite movement was particularly strong in Scotland and Ireland.  The movement took its name from Jacobus, the Latin form of James.