Fatalism is a commonly-held philosophy in Russia. People believed that fate ruled their lives, and that individuals are powerless to change their destiny. It is thought that this widespread belief stemmed from serfdom, which denied people control over their lives; rather than struggle against this lack of control, many Russians adopted a fatalistic attitude towards it instead.
The German philosopher Frederick Nietzsche argued that Russian fatalism was a form of survival tactic that helped individuals to face difficult circumstances by becoming passive towards them. However, this passivity means that people do not attempt to change their circumstances, no matter how hard they became.