Oliver Twist is the second novel written by Charles Dickens, published in 1838. It follows the adventures of the orphaned Oliver, who is born in a workhouse and escapes to London where he falls in with a gang of pickpockets led by the master criminal Fagin.
The novel was heavily critical of society at the time, drawing attention to the often overlooked street children of London, the tough conditions in workhouses and the seedy lives of criminals. Oliver Twist became a tragic hero of the 19th century.
There have been several film versions of Oliver Twist, most famously a 1968 musical simply entitled ‘Oliver!’.