Siena (population 54,000) is an historic city in the hills of Tuscany. Originally settled by the Etruscans in 900-400 BC, Siena was a strategically positioned hill fort. It still retains much of its ancient Roman and Medieval architecture such as the cathedral and town square, the Piazza del Campo, as well as numerous other churches and gardens. The town centre has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Siena is famed for its art, architecture, cuisine and handicrafts and is visited by hundreds of thousands of international tourists every year. One of the main attractions of the city is the Palio, a medieval bareback horse race which is run in the Piazza del Campo twice every summer.