Dallas (population 1.2 million) is the third-largest city in Texas. Founded in 1841 as a centre of the oil and cotton industries, it has always been strategically positioned close to railways and roads which traverse the United States both north-south and east-west. Today it is an important centre of commerce, with many financial, computer and medical research companies based there.
The State Fair of Texas is held yearly in Dallas and it has a thriving Arts District and successful major league sports teams. It is historically famous as the location for the assassination of American President John F. Kennedy in 1963.