The Apennine Mountains are a chain crossing over 1000km of peninsular Italy, from the Alps in the north-west to Calabria on the coast in the south. The name is thought to derive from the Celtic ‘Penn’, meaning ‘mountain’. The highest peak is Como Grande (Big Horn) at 2,912m (9,554 ft) which has the only glacier in the range – the rest of the mountains are largely green and verdant. The Abruzzo National Park is found in the Central Apennines and the mountains are criss-crossed by a number of walking trails, including European Walking Route E1 and the Grand Italian Trail, both of which traverse the entire range.
Egypt was one of the first world locations in which cotton was grown and produced, although in later years its industry was somewhat overtaken by cotton grown on plantations in America. Today it is still widely used especially in bedding, where it is synonymous with luxury and high quality goods.
Armani is an Italian fashion brand founded in Milan in 1975 by the designer Giorgio Armani. It has achieved international fame and is now one of the most well-known fashion labels in the world. Armani sells haute couture and ready-to-wear fashion, as well as accessories, cosmetics and homeware. Whilst it makes skincare and make-up products it does not have a range of traditional toiletries (body wash, body lotion etc) as such. The fashion house also owns a series of cafes, a bar and a nightclub and a chain of luxury city hotels is in the pipeline.
Killarney is a town in County Kerry, south-western Ireland, with a population of just over 14,000. The Irish name, Cill Airne, means ‘church of sloes’ and it was originally founded as a monastery by St Finian the Leper. The town is home to numerous famous landmarks such as St Mary’s Cathedral, Ross Castle and Lough Leane, the lake on whose shores it rests.
Killarney has been a popular tourist destination since the mid-eighteenth century and has had several notable visitors including Queen Victoria in 1861. After Dublin, Killarney has more hotel beds than any other town or city in Ireland. The land around it is Killarney National Park which is renowned for its walking, cycling, fishing and great natural beauty.
The dialect of this part of the country differs from standard English quite dramatically, with influences from the Welsh and Cornish languages. It is actually quite close to historical English from the Anglo-Saxon period. Popular culture considers the West Country accent to be connected with farmers and fishermen – the traditional economy of the area – but a recent study suggested that Britons view their fellow countrymen with a West Country accent as more trustworthy than many other accents!
Dublin (population 527,000) is the capital city of Ireland. Its Irish name is Baile Átha Cliath, meaning ‘town of the hurdled ford’. It was established at the mouth of the River Liffey as a Viking settlement and has remained the economic centre of the country since its beginnings.
Dublin and its surroundings (known as ‘the Pale’) was the first area in Ireland in which English was spoken – brought by the Normans at the end of the 12th century, it is now the official spoken language. The English which is spoken in Ireland is known as Hiberno-English and features many influences of the Irish language which is also still spoken and written throughout the country.
Its main attractions include the Gothic-revival cathedral of St Mary, the Royal Cornwall Museum and its large number of specialty shops and markets.
The Duomo towers over the city of Florence and is one of its iconic images and most visited sights. Until modern times it was the largest dome in the world and remains the largest brick dome ever built. The cathedral, baptistery and Campanile (bell tower) are listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Croydon is a town and borough in South London which is one of the largest shopping districts in southern England, due in part to its location – many road and rail links to London from the south pass through Croydon.
There is also a convent attached to the church, which is now a museum, home to a library of Latin and Greek manuscripts collected by the artist and sculptor Michelozzo. The convent was home to the famous painter Fra Angelico in the 15th century.
The shop occupies a 5-acre site which gives it over one million square feet of selling space throughout several departments. It is said that anything in the world can be bought from Harrods – even if it isn’t physically in the store, it can be ordered. The shop is most famous for luxury goods and has a Food Hall and Christmas Store which are known the world over.
Harrods also owns other businesses such as a bank, estates agent and aviation corporation. It is currently owned by Qatar Holdings.
‘Don’t Mess With Texas’ was the slogan of an advertising campaign created by the Texas Department of Transportation in 1986 as an attempt to reduce roadside litter in the state. It appeared on roadside billboards, radio, television and printed adverts and soon became a cultural icon. Texans have adopted the slogan as a demonstration of state pride and despite being a registered federal trademark it appears on many souvenir items, from beer mats to bumper stickers.
Cape Town was first mentioned by Bartholomeu Dias, a Portugese explorer, in 1486 and was developed by the Dutch East India Company as a supply station for its trading ships, making it the first permanent European settlement in South Africa. The late 19th century saw a rush of immigrants to Cape Town after the discovery of diamonds in the surrounding area, and it remains a very multicultural city.
Cape Town was home to many leaders of the anti-apartheid movement in South Africa and it was here that Nelson Mandela made his famous speech in 1990 to mark the end of his imprisonment and the segregation.