Page 134. " her bruschetta "
                                                             Bruschetta topped with fresh tomato, onion and herbs
Creative Commons AttributionBruschetta topped with fresh tomato, onion and herbs - Credit: Michael_Spencer


Bruschetta is an Italian appetizer or snack, which dates to the 15th century. Bread is roasted or grilled (this is a good way of salvaging slightly stale bread), rubbed with garlic, oil, salt and pepper, and then topped with various ingredients such as roasted peppers, tomatoes, basil, cheese, cured meat, beans or other vegetables. The most popular topping found outside Italy is tomatoes, onions, garlic and basil.

Find a variety of bruschetta recipes here.

Page 136. " wandered across Piccadilly Circus "

A panorama of Piccadilly Circus: the fountain and statue are to the left, with the illuminated billboards to the centre
GNU Free Documentation LicenseA panorama of Piccadilly Circus: the fountain and statue are to the left, with the illuminated billboards to the centre - Credit: David Iliff

 Piccadilly Circus is in the West of London, linking Regent Street to Piccadilly. It was built in 1819 specifically for this purpose: as a road junction and public space. ‘Circus’ comes from the Latin meaning circle.

As well as Regent Street and Piccadilly, Piccadilly Circus also joins Shaftesbury Avenue, Haymarket, Coventry Street and Glasshouse Street, placing it at the centre of London’s theatre and shopping districts. It features a statue of Eros and the Shaftesbury memorial fountain, as well as neon video displays mounted on the buildings. Underneath Piccadilly Circus is its underground station; the area is a popular place for tourists and locals, and one of the busiest public spaces in London.

Page 136. " drop the Oliver Twist routine "

 Oliver Twist is the second novel written by Charles Dickens, published in 1838. It follows the adventures of the orphaned Oliver, who is born in a workhouse and escapes to London where he falls in with a gang of pickpockets led by the master criminal Fagin.

The novel was heavily critical of society at the time, drawing attention to the often overlooked street children of London, the tough conditions in workhouses and the seedy lives of criminals. Oliver Twist became a tragic hero of the 19th century.

There have been several film versions of Oliver Twist, most famously a 1968 musical simply entitled ‘Oliver!’.

Page 136. " going to Covent Garden "

Inside the market hall at Covent Garden
Creative Commons AttributionInside the market hall at Covent Garden - Credit: David Iliff
 Covent Garden is an area to the eastern edge of the West End of London, and is also the name of the famous square and market at its centre. Partly settled in 1200, some of the fields in the area were walled off and given to Westminster Abbey for use as orchards and gardens: ‘the garden of the Abbey and Convent’ gradually became known as ‘Covent Garden’. The square was designed by Inigo Jones in the 16th century as a fashionable residential area – based on European piazzas, it was the first example of town planning in London.

The market hall was designed by Charles Fowler and built in 1830 in an attempt to organise what had previously been an outdoor market. The wholesale fruit, vegetable and flower market remained there until 1974 when it moved to New Covent Garden Market; the original building now houses craft stalls, shops and cafes and is a popular tourist attraction. Other landmarks in Covent Garden include the Royal Opera House, the London Transport Museum and the nearby Theatre Royal in Drury Lane. The area is now fashionable and at the heart of tourist London, known for its restaurants, shops and street performers who are a permanent feature of the central square.

Page 136. " moving up Long Acre anyway "

Stanfords on Long Acre
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeStanfords on Long Acre - Credit: Derek Harper
 Long Acre is a street near Covent Garden in central London. It starts at St Martin’s Lane and ends at Drury Lane. Once famous for its coach makers, it is now a busy shopping street with many high street chains and Stanfords, one of the oldest and largest map shops in Britain.

Page 137. " Steady, Tarzan "

Tarzan's first appearance in the All-Story Magazine of 1912
Public DomainTarzan's first appearance in the All-Story Magazine of 1912 - Credit: Clinton Pettee
 Tarzan is a fictional character first created by Edgar Rice Burroughs in 1912, as the title character of the novel Tarzan of the Apes. Tarzan is a wild child, raised in Africa by a tribe of apes – as a grown man, he continues to live in the jungle, swinging through the trees and communicating like a monkey. When he is discovered and taken to civilization he struggles to adapt and eventually returns to the habitat of his youth.

Tarzan was wildly popular and Burroughs produced twenty-five sequels to his original novel. There have also been other authorised books by different authors and many unauthorised versions in book and film. 'Tarzan' is often used in popular culture to describe a slightly wild, very masculine figure.

Page 142. " called Brief Encounter "

 Brief Encounter is a British film written by Noël Coward and directed by David Lean. Released in 1945, it has become a classic and is frequently listed as one of the best British films of all time.

The film was based on Coward’s play Still Life and looks at the claustrophobia of British suburban life at the end of the 1930s. The film stars Celia Johnson and Trevor Howard, two passengers who meet unexpectedly at a railway station. Despite their outwardly happy marriages, they quickly fall in love with one another but are ultimately forced to part ways. The film’s most famous scene is the final one, in which Howard leaves on a train from the same railway station at which they first met.

The station used for much of the filming was Carnforth station in Lancashire, at which the refreshment room has been restored to the way it looked as the famous film setting.

Page 145. " like Humphrey Bogart "

 Humphrey Bogart (1899-1957) was an American actor and one of the greatest film stars of all time. He began his career in theatre, but broke onto the screen in 1936’s The Petrified Forest. Over the next thirty years he would go on to appear in 75 films.

Humphrey Bogart was famous as a leading man with roles in films such as Casablanca (see trailer below), To Have and Have Not and The African Queen, for which he won an Academy Award. He made his last film, The Harder They Fall in 1956 and died from cancer in 1957.