"Certainly many of the old estates were burned. You saw ruins all over the place."

In Jamaica in 1831, many black slaves, led by the Baptist Minister Sam Sharpe, organised a protest to call for wages. This soon turned violent: on December 27th protesters razed Kensington Estate Great House, and for the next ten days burned other estates and crops and killed a number of white people before the rebellion was savagely put down. Nonetheless, the 1831 Christmas Rebellion, as it became known, is widely seen as a crucial catalyst for the 1833 Emancipation Act.