Page 6. " never told my love "
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Orsino and Viola
Public DomainOrsino and Viola - Credit: Frederick Richard Pickersgill

A (mis)quote from Twelfth Night by William Shakespeare.  Viola is disguised as a man:

Viola: My father had a daughter lov'd a man,/ As it might be perhaps, were I a woman,/ I should your lordship.

Orsino: And what's her history?

Viola: A blank, my lord.  She never told her love,/ But let concealment, like a worm i' th' bud,/ Feed on her damask cheek.

Act 2, scene iv


Twelfth Night online

Page 7. " The herd of possessed swine "
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In Mark 5, Jesus expels a "legion" of demons from a deeply troubled individual:

A large herd of pigs was feeding on the nearby hillside. The demons begged Jesus, "Send us among the pigs; allow us to go into them." He gave them permission, and the evil spirits came out and went into the pigs. The herd, about two thousand in number, rushed down the steep bank into the lake and were drowned. 

Mark 5, 11-13

The same biblical passage is referred to by Holden Caulfield in The Catcher in the Rye, although in a rather different tone.

Page 10. " Goa rahnd by th' end ut' laith, if yah went tuh spake tull him "


West Yorkshire Map
Public DomainWest Yorkshire Map - Credit: Wereon

Although the book is set in Yorkshire, Joseph is the only character whose lines are written in the Yorkshire dialect. This may have been a pragmatic move by Brontë to make the dialogue easier to follow, but it also adds to the sour, pious character of Joseph. The Yorkshire dialect can be quite hard to understand if you are not familiar with it.  An example can be heard here.

A translation of Joseph's words can be found here.


Page 17. " with several incoherent threats of retaliation that, in their infinite depth of virulency, smacked of King Lear "

In this reference to Shakespeare's tragedy King Lear, Lockwood is comparing his own rather empty, maniacal threats with those of the rambling, bitter Lear. In Act 2, scene iv, Lear utters these disjointed, spontaneous lines born of a dreadful anger:

I will have such revenges on you both

That all the world shall - I will do such things -

What they are yet, I know not; but they shall be

The terrors of the earth!

It is probably coincidence, but Lockwood's two Shakespeare references, just pages apart, both come from the fourth scene of the second act - Da Vinci Code fans may conjure up a theory...

Page 22. " Seventy Times Seven "
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Then Peter came to Jesus and asked, "Lord, how many times shall I forgive my brother when he sins against me? Up to seven times?" Jesus answered, "I tell you, not seven times, but seventy times seven."

Matthew 18: 21-22

Therefore, taking Jesus's instructions literally, the "First of the Seventy First", or the first sin of the 71st group of seven sins, is unpardonable.

Page 24. " the place which knows him may know him no more "
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He shall return no more to his house, neither shall his place know him any more.

Job 7:10

Page 25. " a most melancholy voice sobbed, 'Let me in - let me in!' "
Kate Bush
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeKate Bush - Credit: Kate Bush News and Info Forum

One of the most memorable images of the book, Cathy's ghost at the window inspired Kate Bush's Wuthering Heights, which she released as her debut single in 1978. The song includes the lyrics  

I'm so cold, let me in your window

which reference Lockwood's nightmare and Heathcliff's subsequent anguish.  It also tells the story of Cathy and Heathcliff's tumultuous relationship with lyrics such as

I hated you, I loved you too

The song reached number one in the UK singles chart, where it remained for four weeks.

Listen on Spotify: Wuthering Heights by Kate Bush