Page 301. " I wish you would repeat Chevy Chase as you did yesterday - It was extremely funny! "
The Cheviot Hills
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeThe Cheviot Hills - Credit: Eileen Henderson

 The Persè owt off Northombarlonde,

 and avowe to God mayd he

 That he wold hunte in the mowntayns

  off Chyviat within days thre,

 In the magger of doughtè Dogles,

 and all that euer with him be.


  The Ballad of Chevy Chase takes its name from its setting, a piece of hunting land or "chase" in the Cheviot Hills, which lie between England and Scotland.

Percy, the Earl of Northumberland, is leading a large hunt in this chase, against the will of the Scottish Earl of Douglas who views it as an attack on his country. He sets upon the hunting party, resulting in a great battle with many casualties.

The ballad, said to be based on the events of the Battle of Otterburn, became a favourite right across England. It inspired the naming of the town of Chevy Chase in Maryland, USA and also the US comedian Chevy Chase.

Page 306. " In winter nothing more dreary, in summer nothing more divine, than those glens shut in by hills and those bluff, bold swells of heath "
Yorkshire Summer
Creative Commons AttributionYorkshire Summer - Credit: Tom Bream, Flickr

The contrast between summer and winter on the Yorkshire moors is as remarkable as Lockwood laments in this line. The seasons are representative of the book's extremes: the pure elation of Heathcliff and Cathy together and the innocent young summer days spent on the moor; then the icy misery their love becomes, represented by the cold winters and bleak isolation. 

Yorkshire Winter
Creative Commons AttributionYorkshire Winter - Credit: Alan Green
Page 308. " Fair Annie's Wedding "
by cm

Fair Annie  tells the story of a lord who orders his mistress, who has borne him seven sons, to welcome his new bride with a feast - and to pretend she is a maiden. But it is Annie who gets to marry the lord.

Listen on Spotify: Fair Annie

Page 317. " the black currant trees were the apple of Joseph's eye "


Blackcurrant tree
Public DomainBlackcurrant tree - Credit: Thue

A rather unfortunate - or was it deliberate? - fruit cocktail of plant and metaphor!

Page 324. " he might have had a monomania on the subject of his departed idol "

I Miss You
Creative Commons AttributionI Miss You - Credit: doug88888, Flickr
Monomania is a psychiatric condition in which the sufferer focuses on only one idea or type of idea. Heathcliff's monomania is his obsession with Cathy and his desire to be connected with her after death. According to Graeme Tytler, who looked at the book in terms of 19th century psychological theory, much of Heathcliff's behaviour in the later part of the book can be attributed to monomania, including his being haunted by Catherine's image and talking to her ghost. A psychological interpretation of the book can be found here.