"all the Wagnerian orchestras of Europe, with the Straussian ones thrown in, were here to clash in unison "

The German composer Richard Wagner (1813-1883) is best known for his highly dramatic and lengthy operas. Among the admirers of Wagner’s work was Ludwig II of Bavaria (1846-1886), who decorated the rooms of his mountain-top Gothic Revival palace, Schloss Neuschwanstein, to recreate the settings of Wagner’s operas, even crafting a cave in one room.


Richard Strauss (1864-1949), another Romantic German composer, was heavily influenced by Wagner. His famous opera Der Rosenkavalier was first performed in 1911, the year of Zuleika Dobson's publication.

Listen of Der Rosenkavalier