Carfax is considered the central point of the city of Oxford. It is marked by Carfax Tower, which dates back to the 1200s.
The Scottish clergyman John Knox (1510-1572) was an extremely vocal Protestant reformer. He founded Presbyterianism in Scotland. He wrote many pamphlets about his beliefs, and openly attacked the reigning monarch of his country, Mary I of Scotland (1542-1587).
Debrett is a genealogical guide to the family lines of the British aristocracy. Debrett refers to the publisher, John Debrett (1753-1822), whose first guide appeared in 1769.
Debrett is mentioned in Vanity Fair (1847-1848) by William Makepeace Thackeray (1811-1863), The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890) by Oscar Wilde (1854-1900), and Burmese Days (1934) by George Orwell (1903-1950). It also appears in the novels of both E.F. Benson (1867-1940) and P.G. Wodehouse (1881-1975).
The chief rival publication of Debrett is Burke’s Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, published since 1826.
The portrait painter John Hoppner (1758-1810) was born in England to German parents, and trained at the Royal Academy. Among his famous subjects were Lord Nelson (1758-1805), the Duke of Wellington (1769-1852), Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832), and various royals.