"Mephistopheles"
Illustration of Mephistopheles and Faust from Goethe's Faust (1925)
Public DomainIllustration of Mephistopheles and Faust from Goethe's Faust (1925) - Credit: Harry Clarke

Mephistopheles is a demon familiar and emissary of the devil who originally appeared in the anonymously written Historia von D. Johann Fausten (1587), the first of several stories based on the legend of a scholar named Faust who sells his immortal soul to the devil in exchange for unlimited knowledge and worldly goods. The legend was later immortalised in Christopher Marlowe's The Tragicall History of the Life and Death of Doctor Faustus (1604) and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's Faust (1832).

 

Édouard de Reszke as Mephistopheles in Gounod's opera Faust (c. 1880s)
Public DomainÉdouard de Reszke as Mephistopheles in Gounod's opera Faust (c. 1880s) - Credit: Wikimedia Commons