Moorgate is a street in London which connects the City of London to the boroughs of Islington and Hackney.
Originally, Moorgate was a postern (a small inconspicuous gateway) in the London Wall, the defensive structure built by the Romans around the city they called Londinium.
St. Paul's Cathedral is an Anglican cathedral situated on Ludgate Hill in the City of London.
The Cathedral, famous for its domed roof, was built in the 17th Century. It was designed by Sir Christopher Wren.
Livestock has been traded in the area for over 1000 years, although the present-day covered market has only been in existence since 1868.
Farringdon Street Station was one of the very first London Underground stations. It was the terminus of the Metropolitan Railway, which opened in 1863 and ran initially between Farringdon Street and Paddington.
Now known simply as Farringdon, the station is on the Metropolitan Line, the Hammersmith and City Line, and the Circle Line. It is currently undergoing redevelopment in order to accommodate Thameslink trains.
Follow this link for a map of the London Underground.
Limehouse is an area in the East End of London, situated at the eastern end of the Commercial Road in the Borough of Tower Hamlets.
Soho is a vibrant area in the West End of London.
Traditionally, it has been associated with entertainment and film, and the sex industry (strip-clubs, brothels and sex shops). Today, the sex-related industries have declined somewhat, but it is still the location of many media-related businesses as well as a large number of up-market restaurants.
Since the 1970s, Gerrard Street in Soho has become the centre of London's Chinatown.
Bagels are ring-shaped rolls with a tough, chewy texture; they are made from yeast dough dropped briefly into boiling water before baking.
They originated in the Polish Jewish community, and have been introduced into many other cultures by Jewish immigrants.
In New York City, which has a large Jewish population, bagels served with smoked salmon (lox) and cream cheese have achieved almost iconic status.
Bagels (often spelt beigels) were also available in the Brick Lane area of London during the 19th Century, as Whitechapel and Spitalfields (now in the Borough of Tower Hamlets) had a significant Jewish population.
Brioche is a soft, light-textured bread, made from flour, yeast, butter, eggs and sugar. It is usually shaped into a roll or bun.
It originated in France where it is traditionally made in the brioche à tête style: a small ball of dough sitting on top of a larger ball with fluted edges.
Follow this link to see brioches à tête.
Although the term Greek flat bread is now sometimes used to describe the bread usually known as pitta or pita, this is probably not what is meant by flat Greek loaves.
Condensed milk is cows' milk with sugar added and much of the water removed.
It is now usually sold in cans and tubes, and keeps well because of its high sugar content.
Commercially-produced condensed milk first appeared in the second half of the 19th Century.
Another form of dehydrated milk is evaporated milk; this is more liquid than condensed milk and does not contain sugar.
Berwick Street is situated in Soho, an area of London which has been the centre of the city's sex industry for over 200 years.
A sovereign is a gold coin which traditionally had the value of £1 sterling.
There is no mention of what Robert Browning, or Robert, is slang for in any of the dictionaries named below.
A guinea was a coin minted in Britain between 1663 and 1813; from 1717 onwards, its value was fixed at 21 shillings (one pound and one shilling, or £1.05 in present-day money).
Although not in existence as a coin after 1813, the term guinea was used in prices up until the decimalisation of the British coinage in 1971. It was generally used to make things sound cheaper than they were, as 8 guineas sounded cheaper than £8 and eight shillings.
Dub or dubbing does not appear with a sexual meaning in any of the dictionaries referred to in the previous bookmark, although it is noted in the Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue that a dubber is a picker of locks, which gives some scope for an interpretation in terms of Cockney rhyming slang!
However, the word 'dubber', meaning 'mouth' or 'tongue', appears in Albert Barrière's dictionary of Argot and Slang, as in 'mum your dubber' ('hold your tongue'), which may explain the use of 'dubbing' in the present context.