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by hector

Varna is a major port city in Bulgaria.  It was well known to Stoker's contemporary readers, having been the base from which British and French troops launched their assault on the Crimea in 1854. At that point it was under Ottoman control, but by the time of Dracula it had been liberated by the Russian army and handed over to the newly independent Bulgarian state.

An ancient city, Varna has important Roman remains, including the largest Roman baths in the Balkans.


Varna Cathedral
Creative Commons AttributionVarna Cathedral - Credit: Turhan Aydin