Apothecary
an individual whose primary duty is the preparation and distribution of medicine.
Assizes
part of the legal system associated with counties in England (before the late 20th century) in which travelling judges would hear and decide on the major legal issues troubling the particular county in question (as opposed to the Justices of the Peace who would hear less serious cases).
Confinement
refers to the weeks in which a woman would be 'confined' to her room(s) while awaiting the arrival of a child.
Contusion
bruising, involving capillary damage and loss of blood under the surface of the skin.
Cordials
were healthful drinks, or medicines, often flavoured with fruit, as opposed to bitters, which were based on herbs.
Curate
in the Church of England, a priest who is subordinate to, and assists, his rector. A curate would be expected to see to the spiritual needs of the parish under the direction of the rector.
Esquire
a title denoting the gentleman status of the bearer; a step lower in the hierarchy than a knight.
Grazier
a person who grazes (feeds) sheep or cattle.
Livery
refers to the particular design of clothes worn by servants to denote their association with a particular household.
Michaelmas
a feast day in the Church of England's liturgical calendar celebrating the Archangel Michael's defeat of Lucifer, the fallen angel. It falls on 29 September.
Midshipman
a British naval officer ranking above a cadet and below sub-lieutenant.
Patents
having to do with those rights and lands bestowed by the government.
Preserves
refers to land reserved for private use of the landowner.
Privateers
individuals of a sea-going, piratical turn who were given letters of mark by the sovereign denoting their legal status. They were often made use of in sea offensives against an enemy nation.
Quarto
a kind of book which takes its name from the method of obtaining its page size. Pages are made from folding a single sheet of paper into quarters.
Rector
in the Church of England, a member of the clergy who oversees a particular parish and is entitled to the tithes related thereto.
Retrench
to cut back or reduce one's expenses and standard of living in order to save or repay funds.
Yard-arm
describes either end of the yard, a wooden spar slung from a ship's mast to which the sail is attached.
Younker
a now out of use word that meant 'youngster.'