Mr. Halloway playfully refers to a wise old dog by the name of the Classical Greek philosopher who lived approximately 428-348 BC.
The image at right is a detail from a painting of Plato and Aristotle called "School of Athens," by Raffaello Sanzio (1483-1520), better known as Raphael.
Popular name for the slow movement of the second pianoforte concerto in B flat minor, opus 35, by Frédéric Chopin (1810-1849).
Listen to the Funeral March played by Alberto Cobo:
See a video of the Funeral March played by Arturo Michelangeli:
The common name of another happy Steven Foster tune, whose proper 1851 title was “Old Folks at Home.” Although it was probably chosen merely as a common, upbeat tune that a Midwestern kid would know, the plot in the song is about being far from one’s safe and beloved home. As the chorus states: “All de world am sad and dreary/Ebry where I roam … Far from de old folks at home.”
Nevertheless, the song will return at the climax of the novel, in chapter 54, as one of the weapons that Mr. Halloway and Will use to save and revive Jim.
Listen to a recording by Foster Barnes at the 1955 Florida Folk Festival:
Listen to another version by The 97th Regimental String Band:
The Airedale Terrier, sometimes called the Waterdale Terrier, is a breed of dog originating from the Airedale area of Yorkshire, England.
An energetic and effective hunter, strong-willed, tenacious, and a good size for a terrier (55-66 pounds), the Airedale was often used as a police dog in Britain. It was also used to transport messages behind enemy lines, to carry mail, and to locate wounded soldiers in World War I.
President Theodore Roosevelt, an Airedale owner, said, “An Airedale can do anything any other dog can do and then lick the other dog, if he has to.”
Marching song composed by Henry Clay Work at the end of the American Civil War in 1865, to commemorate General Sherman’s march to the sea the preceding year. Its lively melody made it very popular with the army after the war, and even elsewhere: Japanese troops sang it while marching into Port Arthur in 1904-05, the British sang it in India, and an English town used it to welcome American troops from the south in World War II.
Listen to a MIDI file version of the tune:
Listen to a band arrangement with the history of Sherman's march:
Salamander is the common name for about 500 species of amphibians which resemble lizards that live in and near water.
They are unique among vertebrates for their ability to regenerate lost limbs and other body parts, which probably explains why many regarded them as magical creatures, especially in medieval times.
Salamanders were sometimes thought to be born out of fire, or to be able to put out fire with their moist skin. The illustration on the right is an image of a magical salamander from a 16th century text called The Story of Alchemy and the Beginnings of Chemistry. Such associations were mentioned by the Talmud, Benvenuto Cellini, Paracelsus, and Leonardo da Vinci. (Note: the fire engine in Fahrenheit 451 is known as the "Salamander.")
As Jim sneaks off to the carnival without Will, the narrator evokes these magical associations.