This map plots the settings and references in The Color Purple
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Though The Color Purple is a period novel, it never refers to actual events: there are no dates, little sense of the passage of time and very few mentions of characters’ ages. However, cultural references date it to the time period 1910-1940. The book is therefore set before the African-American Civil Rights Movement, when African-Americans were subjected to the oppressive Jim Crow Laws that enforced racial segregation in public places and facilities.
Albert Schweitzer (1875-1965) was a German-French theologian who dedicated himself to religion, music and education. He received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1953 for his philosophy Reverence for Life, which he expressed in many ways but most obviously through his founding and maintaining of the Albert Schweitzer Hospital in Lambaréné, West Africa.