This map plots the settings and references in The Odyssey

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Troy
The ruins of the ancient city of Troy
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeThe ruins of the ancient city of Troy - Credit: QuartierLatin1968 on Flickr/Wikimedia Commons

 Troy was a city in Asia Minor (modern Turkey), situated near the Hellespont (modern Dardanelles), a narrow strait connecting the Aegean Sea to the Black Sea. Excavations at the site have revealed the ruins of an ancient city, one layer of which (layer VIIa) has been associated with Homeric Troy, and appears to have been destroyed by war. In The Odyssey, Odysseus is returning home from the Trojan War.

 

Troy, looking across the plain of Illium to the Aegean Sea
GNU Free Documentation LicenseTroy, looking across the plain of Illium to the Aegean Sea - Credit: Adam Carr/Wikimedia Commons