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New York

 

New York City
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeNew York City - Credit: Daniel Schwen

 New York is the most populated city in the United States, and one of the most densely populated areas in the world – over 8 million people live in 305 square miles. Originally founded by Dutch settlers in 1624 as a trading post named New Amsterdam, the city gained its current name when it was taken under British control in 1664, and given to the Duke of York. Until 1790 it was the capital city of America, and has since continued to have an enormous influence on all aspects of the modern world, from finance and business to art, fashion and technology.

 

 

 

Famous Landmarks

The Statue of Liberty was a gift to America from the people of France, designed by Frédéric Bartholdi and dedicated in October 1886. The statue is one of the world’s most iconic images, and has greeted millions of immigrants to New York over the years from its position on Liberty Island at the entrance to the city.

 

The Statue of Liberty
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeThe Statue of Liberty - Credit: featherboa

 Manhattan is the oldest and most famous borough of New York. Located on Manhattan Island, it is the smallest borough in size and third-largest in population. Manhattan has one of the most expensive property markets in the world, and is considered the centre of New York City, housing many of its most important attractions as well as important centres of world finance and business – Wall Street, the New York Stock Exchange and the Headquarters of the United Nations.

 

 

Times Square
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeTimes Square - Credit: Terabass

 Times Square is known as ‘The Crossroads of the World’ and has come to symbolise New York. Located in Manhattan at the junction of Broadway and Seventh Avenue, it features a huge number of illuminated neon signs, billboards and theatre posters known as ‘spectaculars’, and is the site of the famed New Year’s Eve Ball Drop. View live webcams in Times Square.

 

Central Park is at the centre of Manhattan. Its 843 acres feature statues, lakes, reservoirs, a zoo and outdoor concert venues, and border many important museums such as the MET.

Broadway is the theatre district in New York, considered to be the greatest commercial theatre area in the English-speaking world. 40 professional theatres sell more than $1,000 billion worth of tickets every year.

 

The Empire State Building
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeThe Empire State Building - Credit: Jyothis

 The Empire State Building is the tallest building in New York City, standing at 1,454 ft (443.2m). It is used as offices, but features an observation deck where tourists can look at a panorama of the city.

 

 

Population

Over 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. Approximately 36% of the city is foreign-born, and a huge percentage are descended from original immigrants from Eastern Europe, Asia and Africa. The city also boasts the world’s largest Jewish community outside Israel.

 

 

Columbia University
GNU Free Documentation LicenseColumbia University - Credit: Momos

 Education

New York is home to some of the best universities in the world, including Columbia and Fordham. A lot of research into medicine is done in the city at institutions such as the Rockefeller University. The public school system is the largest in America, with 1.1 million students taught in 1,200 primary and secondary schools.

 

 

 

Street Food in New York
GNU Free Documentation LicenseStreet Food in New York - Credit: Totya

 Cuisine

Whilst many haute cuisine restaurants can be found in New York, the city is most famous for the foods made popular by immigrants – bagels (usually with salmon and cream cheese), New York cheesecake and New York pizza. There are over 4,000 licensed food vendors, often selling Eastern foods such as kebabs and falafel.

 

Shopping

New York is famous for its luxury shopping – particularly technological goods and clothing. Madison Avenue and Fifth Avenue are famous for their designer boutiques, and shopping centres such as Saks Fifth Avenue and Macy’s on Herald Square are known throughout the world.

 

Festivals and Parades

Highlights of the calendar include the Halloween Parade in Greenwich Village, the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade, the St. Patrick’s Day Parade, the Tribeca Film Festival, the Gay Pride March and ice-skating in Central Park at Christmas.

And much, much more…

 

New York by Night
GNU Free Documentation LicenseNew York by Night - Credit: Javier Gil

New York is known as The City That Never Sleeps. One of the most vibrant, cosmopolitan cities in the world, it drew around 48 million tourists in 2010, a number which is expected to rise. Museums, boutiques, restaurants, parks, technological institutes, financial and media centres help to make New York one of the most important cities in the world.

 

Travel to New York

New York City: Lonely Planet

 

Books about New York City

New York City: Lonely Planet City Guide, Ginger Otis

New York, Edward Rutherford

New York, Portrait of a City, Reuel Golden