Homeric society does not seem to have any specific laws or legal authority figures for dealing with crimes such as murder. Instead, it was the responsibility of the injured party or his family, or the local community, to respond to the crime as they saw fit. Odysseus must now worry how the relatives of the dead Suitors will react.
According to Greek mythology, the sun god Helios drove the chariot of the sun across the sky each day.
Some scholars have maintained that this is actually the last line of the Odyssey, pointing to ‘un-Homeric’ language and inconsistencies in the story as proof. Others disagree, claiming that the writing is typical of Homer’s style, and that several themes still need to be rounded off – what happens when the town learns of the slaughter; what of the Suitors’ relatives; and what of Laertes, Odysseus’ poor grieving father?
Cutting hair was a sign of mourning amongst the ancient Greeks.
When the ships came to bring Odysseus to Troy, Odysseus was ready for them. Not wanting to leave his beloved Ithaca and his family, he pretended to be mad. He yoked together two different animals in the plough, and proceeded to sow his fields with salt (which would prevent crops from growing). His ruse was foiled by the clever Palamedes, who threatened his baby son Telemachus. Odysseus leapt up to save him, proving his sanity.
This was another symbol of mourning in ancient Greece.